Transport and Vehicles
As well as being a key sector of the economy, transport is a major contributor to the economy (4.8% – or €548bn – in gross value added overall for EU countries), and sustains over 11 million jobs in Europe. As our societies become ever more mobile, EU policy aims to help our transport systems meet the major challenges facing them including congestion, oil dependency, greenhouse gas emissions, infrastructure and competition.
There are numerous Brussels transport associations from the global International Association of Public Transport (UITP) to those representing individual sectors from airlines to railways, and from bicycles to electric vehicles. Many of Brussels top 20 corporate affairs spenders like BMW and Daimler have a stake in the transport debate, as does Number 1 Google.
As long ago as the Treaty of Rome, Member States stressed the importance of a common transport policy by devoting a separate title to it. Transport was therefore one of the Community’s first common policy areas. Alongside the opening-up of transport markets and the creation of the Trans-European Transport Network, the ‘sustainable mobility’ model will take on even greater importance between now and 2020 — particularly in view of the constant rise in greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector, which threatens to jeopardise the European Union’s efforts to achieve its climate goals.
European Parliament Factsheet